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The first recorded Christmas celebration was in Rome in 336.Christmas played a role in the Arian controversy of the fourth century.Because Passover was held on the 14th of the month, this feast is referred to as the Quartodecimal.All the major events of Christ's life, especially the passion, were celebrated on this date.
In the Gospel of Luke account, Joseph and Mary travel from Nazareth to Bethlehem for the census, and Jesus is born there and laid in a manger.
Various factors contributed to the selection of December 25 as a date of celebration: it was the date of the winter solstice on the Roman calendar; it was about nine months after March 25, the date of the vernal equinox and a date linked to the conception of Jesus.
December 25 was the date of the winter solstice on the Roman calendar.
In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul mentions Passover, presumably celebrated according to the local calendar in Corinth.
The date of the passion was moved to Good Friday in 165 when Pope Soter created Easter by reassigning the Resurrection to a Sunday.
There are those who have determined not only the year of our Lord's birth, but also the day; and they say that it took place in the 28th year of Augustus, and in the 25th day of [the Egyptian month] Pachon [May 20] …